Medicine and its branches

Medicine and its branchesMedicine is the applied science that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease. Contemporary medicine applies to health science, bio medical research, and medical technology to diagnose and treat injury and disease, typically through medication or surgery. It can also be through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, prosthesis, biologic, ionizing radiation and others.

The application of medicine starts with clinical practice. In clinical practice doctor tries to assess the patients in order to diagnose, treat and prevent the disease. Basic diagnostic medical devices used are stethoscope and tongue depressor.

After initial interview with the patient, the doctor may prescribe the medicine or may ask for some tests for further enquiry.
Within medical circles, specialities generally fit into one of two broad categories, medicine and surgery. Medicine refers to the practice of non operative medicine and most sub specialities in this area require preliminary training in internal medicine.  Read the rest of this entry »

Medicine and medical ethics

Medicine and medical ethicsMedicine encompasses a variety of health care practices that evolved to restore and maintain health by first preventing the illness and then by treating with medication or surgery.

It takes the help of health science, bio medical research and medical technology to diagnose and treat injury and disease, through medication and surgery. It also uses therapies such as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, prosthesis, biologic, ionizing radiation and others.

Since medicine is a powerful tool in the hands of the practitioners, the founder fathers of medicine have not forgot to give special emphasis on the ethics. A system of Medical ethics principles has been evolved, that includes values and judgment in the field of medical practice.

As an honored discipline, medical ethics goes into its practical application in clinical settings. It is also applicable on work on its historical references, philosophical aspects, theological and sociological comments. Read the rest of this entry »

Health is wealth

Health is wealthDuring our childhood, we were told, health is wealth. As we grow up and approach old age, we start realizing the true meaning of the proverb.

But it is heartening to note that youth today are very conscious about their well-being. This is especially so because of their craze to stay slim and look beautiful.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in 1946 as “a state of complete physical and mental and social well- being, and not merely the absence of diseases and infirmity.”
It is increasingly recognized that the health is maintained and improved not only through the advancement and application of health science, but also through the efforts and intelligent lifestyle choices of the individual and society.

According to WHO, the main determinants of health are the social and economic environment, the physical environment, and the person’s individual characteristics and behaviors.

The physical, mental and social well-being together is called the health triangle. People can improve their health via exercise, enough sleep, maintaining a healthy body weight, staying away from addictions. Read the rest of this entry »